About the Area
North Tyneside is one of five metropolitan districts within the Tyne and Wear conurbation, with an area of 82 square kilometres. It has the North Sea to the east, the River Tyne to the south, and Newcastle City to the west. Northumberland County forms the northern boundary. The Borough is bisected east/west by the A19(T) and north/south by the A1058 Coast Road. The Coast Road provides a direct route through to Newcastle city centre, whilst the A19(T) goes north to join with the A1 in Northumberland and south through the Tyne Tunnel to provide a route through the North East region to North Yorkshire.
North Tyneside's attractive coastline has award-winning beaches at Tynemouth, Whitley Bay and Cullercoats, with associated recreational and leisure facilities serving the conurbation and beyond and contributing to local economy.
Open spaces, nature and historic environment in North Tyneside
Open spaces, nature and historic environment in North Tyneside 2.3 The Borough includes the Northumberland Coast Special Protection Area (SPA) and the Northumberland Coast Ramsar site. It also has two Sites of Special Scientific Interest, and many Local Wildlife Sites, Sites of Local Conservation Interest and Local Nature Reserves. Major country parks include Weetslade County Park and the Rising Sun Country Park, whilst numerous other parks from the Richardson Dees Park in Wallsend, to Northumberland Park in North Shields offer attractive green areas within the most densely populated parts of the Borough.
North Tyneside has many heritage assets, including locally registered buildings, listed buildings, scheduled ancient monuments and conservation areas. Hadrian's Wall at Wallsend is part of the Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site and is of international importance. These precious assets require careful management to ensure they are conserved and maintained so they can be appreciated now and in the future. North Tyneside Council has an excellent record of extremely successful heritage-led regeneration projects, including those that have seen the removal of assets from the Heritage at Risk register. At the current time, one of the Borough’s 17 conservation areas (St. Peter’s, Wallsend) is on the register.
North Tyneside includes a number of important water environments. The River Tyne supports the best stocks of salmon in England and Wales as well as a substantial run of sea trout.
Shopping and Town Centres in North Tyneside
The Borough has no single main centre. Instead it includes the four town centres of Wallsend, North Shields, Whitley Bay and Killingworth. The first three centres have to varying degrees issues related to physical decline and a need for regeneration. There are a number of district centres associated with residential areas.
Newcastle city centre and the Metro Centre in Gateshead have an impact on retailing in North Tyneside, whilst within the Borough the out-of-centre retail is focused on the Silverlink Retail Park at the junction of the A19(T) and A1058 and also at Royal Quays, close to the Port of Tyne. Major supermarket operators are well represented. North Tyneside Council.
Homes in North Tyneside
Residential areas in the Borough extend from the border with Newcastle to the west, running east/west to the north of the River Tyne and north/south along the Coast. In the northern area of the Borough are a number of medieval and former mining villages, and the most recent areas of major new housing growth at Shiremoor/Backworth are centrally positioned on the north of the A19(T) corridor.
The Population and Household Forecasts undertaken as part of the Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA) have provided robust evidence of the potential population growth in North Tyneside over the life of the Local Plan. The population of the Borough was estimated at approximately 201,200 in the 2011 mid-year population estimates published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Over the period 2001-10 the population of North Tyneside grew by 3.4% - faster than growth of 3.0% in Tyne and Wear. If current trends continue the latest Sub National Population Projections 2012, published by ONS in 2014, indicate our population is expected to rise by about 21,000 people to over 222,000 by 2032. These projections are informed by a period of poor economic performance during the recession where overall out-migration from the North East has increased. The growth scenario proposed within the Local Plan would support slightly greater population growth, of about 23,000 people and a population of 224,124 by 2032.
There have been significant levels of migration into and out of the Borough but with an overall net gain between 2002-2010 as a result of internal/domestic migration particularly from Newcastle, and south east Northumberland.
There are approximately 95,000 dwellings in North Tyneside. The Borough has experienced strong demand for housing with average completions of around 500 homes per year since 2001, of which over 70% were on previously used or brownfield land.
North Tyneside's housing market links to a wider market including Newcastle, south east Northumberland and to a lesser degree, the rest of Tyne and Wear.
Jobs in North Tyneside
The main employment areas (other than town centres) are along the riverside, in the A19(T) corridor, to the north west of the A191, the business parks to the east and west of the A188, and sites to the west of Killingworth. A further large employment site at Weetslade is to the north of the A1056.
There has been a transition over the last 30 years from traditional manufacturing industry to a service-based economy. Manufacturing remains important, but recent growth has been concentrated in business park activities in the A19(T) corridor and at the Balliol, Quorum and Gosforth Business Parks.
Business sectors employing the greatest number of employees are retail and wholesale, public administration, health and social work and business services. However, despite recent growth, the economic base remains narrow, with high dependency on the public and service sectors and small business enterprises. In addition, some of the older employment locations lack recent investment.
The River Tyne is a commercial river with offshore fabrication, fishing and port related industries, but with significant areas of vacant and underused land resulting from restructuring of these industries. It provides access to the North Sea, with the Port of Tyne, the only passenger port in the region, supporting regular passenger services to Northern Europe. Recreational activities have become more significant but direct access to the river is limited in some areas. Whilst providing these benefits, the river can also act as a barrier between North Tyneside and the south of the region.
Overall claimant unemployment, whilst lower than the Tyne and Wear or regional averages, conceals pockets of high unemployment. For the year ending March 2015 an estimated 103,900 people aged 16+ were economically active, 79.8% of the overall population (ONS annual population survey). This sees North Tyneside performing similarly with the equivalent figures for Great Britain (77.4%) and better than the North East as a whole (74.7%). Of these, an estimated 98,300 were in employment (employees and self-employed), a proportion of 75% well above the national average of 72.7% and North East average of 68%. Average weekly earnings in North Tyneside are also £22 higher than the North East average, but still £27 below the average for Great Britain (ONS, 2016).
Overall, the Borough has good transport links that contribute to its suitability as a location for new housing and economic activity. The Tyne and Wear Metro system, with 17 stations in North Tyneside, loops around the Borough, linking its town centres, riverside and the coastal area with Newcastle and other districts of Tyne and Wear. The Metro allows direct connections to the national rail service and Newcastle Airport. The Borough has road links into Northumberland and South Tyneside via the A19(T) Tyne Tunnel. The Tyne Pedestrian and Cycle Tunnel also provides an important link between North and South Tyneside. The North West area of the Borough enjoys convenient access to the A1(M) and A19(T). The A1058 Coast Road provides a direct link to Newcastle city centre.
North Tyneside has the highest level of car ownership in Tyne and Wear, with 68.4% of households with access to a car compared to 64.9% households in Sunderland, the area with the second highest rate of car ownership. The 2011 census showed a continued increase in car ownership over the previous 10 years in North Tyneside, increasing by 8%.
Of the residents in employment, half work within the Borough and half outside. A substantial number of residents of adjacent areas commute into the Borough to work, but there is also a significant commuting outflow. The main origins of the 25,000 in-commuters are Newcastle, South East Northumberland and Gateshead. North Tyneside is the second largest destination for workers commuting out of Newcastle. 83% of these inward commuters travel by car and 14% by public transport.
Deprivation is a significant issue with stark contrasts between the more affluent neighbourhoods and those experiencing environmental, social and economic deprivation. Deprived neighbourhoods are located mainly between the riverside and the A1058 Coast Road and in the west of the Borough. 23% of the population live in areas considered to be among the most deprived 20% in England with associated issues of poor health, and participation and attainment in education post 16 years old. The boundaries of these most deprived areas have changed little in the last 30 years.